We, all, are familiar with Mt. Everest – it is the highest mountain in the world. It is known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China. Mt. Everest lies on the international border between China (Tibet) and Nepal. Many of us might know that it is 8,848 meters or 29,029 feet tall. This height is officially recognized by both China and Nepal. However, this height is not universal and we do find variations in height as measured by different parties.

First Measurement:
The height of Mt. Everest was first measured by Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in the year 1856 and they reported that Mt. Everest, then known as Peak XV, was 8,840 meters or 29,002 feet tall.

Current Measurement:
The current official height of Everest (8,848) was measured by 1955 Indian Survey, a Chinese Survey carried out in 1975 confirmed this measurement.

Chinese measurement in 2005:
China re-measured Mt. Everest in 2005 and they got a result of 8,844.43 meters but Nepal did not recognize this result and the argument lasted for five years. Finally, in 2010 both sides agreed – China recognized the Nepalese claim that Everest is 8,848 meters while Nepal recognized China’s claim that the rock height of Everest is 8,844 meters.

Conflicts:
Some people claim that the tallest mountain in the world is Mauna Kea, which in a way is true. Mauna Kea, when measured from its base on the mid-ocean floor, has a height of over 10,200 meters but its height measured from sea level is only 4,205 meters. Nevertheless, Everest is the tallest point on earth’s surface.

Post-2015 Earthquake:
By comparing satellite imagery taken before and after the April 2015 earthquake, it appeared that Everest may have shrunk slightly as a result of movement of the tectonic plate. Based on their data European Space Agency suggested that Everest may have shrunk by 2.5 cm. According to CNN, Indian scientists plan to check this claim. However, in order to carry out this expedition, they require permission from both Chinese and Nepali authorities.

According to Ganesh Bhatta, the Nepalese survey department’s deputy chief, they have not reached any agreements with the Indian survey team instead they have their own plan of carrying out their own measurement.

Altimate Himalaya organizes several trips to Mt.Everest. If you are interested you can call us – +977-14650196 or mail us enquiry@altimatehimalaya.com . We are happy to help.